Back pain - Cause, recovery and prevention
Back pain is a phenomenon that is frequent among the middle-aged population and more and more often among young people. The most common causes are irregular and prolonged sitting, lack of physical activity, and incomplete recovery after injury.
If you spend most of the day sitting, whether it is at work, in the car, or in transport, and even if you are standing, it is inevitable that your back pain will reach you at some point.
Read below why back pain occurs (low back pain, neck pain, shoulder pain, shoulder pain), as well as how to prevent back pain with stretching exercises and back exercises.
How back pain occurs
The human body was created to move. However, we perform most of our daily activities in a sitting or standing position, which makes us passive.
The body adapts to the way of life.
However, adjusting to the passive regime is accompanied by muscle atrophy, shortening of muscle length, and increased pressure on the musculoskeletal system, which disrupts our proper posture and deforms the body, and over time leads to major health problems.
Pain in shoulders and neck
People who spend a lot of time on the computer often have pain in the shoulders and neck.
In most cases, it is caused by an incorrect sitting position.
Tilting the head forward transfers the weight of the head in front of the center of gravity of the spine. Prolonged stay in that position leads to the appearance of chronic fatigue of the neck and trapezius muscles. The consequence of that is muscle spasm, which is most often manifested through pain in the neck and shoulders.
The appearance of spasms is accompanied not only by local pain, but also by pain in the head, which is caused by reduced blood flow through the blood vessels of the neck.
If you make a lot of calls, use a microphone or headphones, because the spasm is caused by constantly tilting your head to one side.
Carrying things in one hand (cook - frying pan, waiter, janitor, women - handbags, etc.) also affects the spasm. Frequent pain in the shoulders and neck is due to the cumulative unilateral load.
When the neck and shoulders hurt, it is not only important to stop the pain, but it is important to eliminate the causes of the problem. If you feel numb after work, check your diopter before you go for a massage. During a standard day at work, at the computer, your eyes get tired. You lean forward because you can't see well. Maybe glasses will solve your problem.
Alert signal: back pain that does not stop
If you feel back pain, it didn't happen because of the draft or because of poor sleep. There was an injury and your body reacted. Don't mask the pain with medication, find a professional and talk to him.
How do you know if you have a job with an expert? The expert must:
- To have an informative conversation with you. By finding out what hurts you, when the pain appeared, in which movements the possible cause is manifested
- To perform a series of biomechanical tests to determine which back structures are compromised
- If he is not sure about the diagnosis, he will order an adequate radiological image
- To give you instructions on how to proceed during the recovery period
- To prescribe appropriate medications and therapies
- To tell you what changes in habits it would be wise to bring
- The chance that your back will hurt at some point in your life is almost 99.99%. Therefore, it will be very useful for you to take note of all this.
Stiffness in the back
What if you stiffen? You can't even move? First, without panic, ask for help from the closest person, take a painkiller and go to the doctor.
Stiffness is manifested at once due to injury, in order to prevent further tissue damage.
The pain is strong but don't be afraid, 80% of people recover after a few months. What you have to do is dedicate yourself to that problem, by starting with adequate rehabilitation. Otherwise, the pain will always return.
How to predict and prevent back pain problems
Back problems are caused by the adaptation of muscles and tendons to the position of prolonged sitting.
Sitting shortens most hip muscles. The consequence is increased stiffness of the lower back, which affects the fact that you increase the load on the lumbar spine during each forward bend or lifting of any load. This increases the chance of injury. That said, it's very important to always stretch your back after a long day of sitting.
What not to do if you have back pain
Do not allow anyone to do unprofessional chiropractic procedures and massages.
- It carries no burden
- Do not rotate the upper body
- Avoid sitting to long
- Avoid movements abruptly
- Wellnessan Team